Facility Operations

Exterior Improvements


  • All campus spaces should be designed to the same standards of full accessibility as are the University’s buildings.
  • Whenever possible specify pervious and semi-pervious hard surfaces to mitigate runoff.
  • Graded slopes exceeding 30 degrees are not permitted.
  • Areas open to unrestricted vehicular traffic should separate pedestrian and vehicular traffic to the greatest extent possible. While service routes typically used on a daily basis by University vehicles should be combined with main pedestrian paths where possible.
  • Standard walkway width shall be 8 feet.
  • Parking:
  • Parking lots should always be designed and treated as campus spaces, designed to collegiate standards, not suburban.
  • All parking lots shall have curb cuts every 200 feet min. around perimeter.
  • Provide curb cuts to all islands requiring mowing.
  • Traffic control signage shall meet OMUTCD (Ohio Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices) standards.
  • Curb cuts shall be 72 inches minimum.
  • Light poles shall have 24” high concrete base.
  • Athletic Fields:
  • All athletic field contractors will have athletic field installation experience of 3 or more years and provide 3 recent project references.
  • Provide permanent electric and water sources for all fields.
  • Assure adequate on site storage space for small and large equipment, tools, etc.
  • Provide automatic underground irrigation system.
  • Approved athletic field drainage system required for all new athletic fields.



  • Reference ODOT 400 – Flexible Pavement
  • Asphalt access roads and cross walks are not permitted.
  • Areas of ODOT Heavy duty and ODOT Light duty pavement will be coordinated with WSU.



  • Reference ODOT 450 – Rigid Pavement
  • Locations that are expected to be used only by pedestrians, snow removal equipment and occasional police or ambulance vehicles shall be designed of Portland cement concrete as follows:
    • 4000 psi minimum comprehensive strength
    • Air entrained
    • 5” min. thickness
    • 6x6 10/10 welded wire fabric
    • 5” min. compacted granular materials base


321400 – UNIT PAVING

  • Use off-the-shelf items, 2 inch thick minimum, standard stock and available locally.
  • Provide concrete under pavers at locations where vehicle traffic may occur.
  • Provide gravel/sand bed under pavers for pedestrian use only.
  • Minimize exposure to construction trucks and equipment.  If necessary, use ¾” plywood for protection.



  • Whenever possible specify pervious and semi-pervious unit paving to mitigate runoff.  Careful analysis needs to be done prior to specifying porous unit paving due to clay substrate throughout campus grounds.



  • Not permitted



  • Reference ODOT 640 – Pavement Marking
  • All pavement marking to be hot tape or poured in place thermoplastic
  • Standard parking stall size shall be 9’ x 18’
  • White color for student area markings
  • Blue color for ADA area markings
  • Yellow color for all other area markings



  • Black vinyl coated is standard.
  • Standard height 6’-0”
  • Gates shall be 36” minimum wide.



  • Specify 6 inches of topsoil for lawn areas and 12 inches for planting areas.
  • Topsoil to be provided at all areas receiving sod or planting.
  • Areas to be seeded/sodded shall be cultivated to the depth of 6 inches. 
  • Areas that have been compacted during construction shall be cultivated 4-6 inches prior to topsoil being applied.
  • All rocks, gravel, dirt and turf clods shall be removed prior to seeding.



  • University’s standard seed mixture:
  • 40% SR 8300 Tall Fescue
  • 40% SR 8200 Tall Fescue
  • 20% Titan Fescue
  • Preferred sod is Green Velvet “Sports Mix” by Green Velvet Farms, Bellbrook, Ohio.  Preparation and installation shall be in accordance with ODOT item 660 material specification. 
  • Sod and turf to be planted within 24 hours of delivery.
  • Seeding is not permitted, unless approved by the University.  
  • No irrigation/watering will be provided to plantings beyond first year.
  • Grades shall not exceed 15 degrees.


329300 – PLANTS

  • All plant materials shall be approved by University prior to installation.
  • No irrigation/watering will be provided to plantings beyond first year.
  • Priority shall be given to native drought-resistant species.
  • Specify trees with 2” min. trunk.
  • Provide 20’ min. clearance between large trees and light poles.
  • Provide 10’ min. clearance between large trees and sidewalks.
  • Follow ANSI Standards A300, Parts 3, 5 and 6 for tree care practices standards.
  • Any plants found on the Invasive plant list from Ohio Department of Natural Resources (http://ohiodnr.com/tabid/2005/Default.aspx) are prohibited from campus.
  • Open, grassy areas of the campus should be planted in a park like manner with 80% high canopy shade trees and 20% in evergreen and ornamental trees.
  • At least 80% of the tree plantings in the core campus should be composed of “best” campus trees.  The best campus trees for WSU include:
  • White Oak
  • Red Oak
  • Dogwood
  • Red Bud
  • White Ash
  • Tulip Poplar
  • American Beech
  • Kentucky Coffee Tree
  • At least 80% of the deciduous shrubs in the core campus should be composed of the following:
  • Shrub Roses
  • Beauty Berry
  • Viburnum
  • Spirea
  • Hypericum
  • At least 60% of the Evergreen shrubs in the core campus should be composed of a following groups:
  • Blue Holly – for edges
  • Littleleaf Boxwood – for edges
  • Juniper  - for slopes only
  • Develop flowers in association with permanent planting areas and strictly limit to important arrival or gathering areas for visitors and students.



  • Extensive Green Roof – existing structures.
  • Intensive Green Roof – new structures.
  • Provide leak detection system.
  • Consider rain water collection for irrigation.