Wright State human subject research must be reviewed by the Wright State IRB unless a written reliance agreement is in place that appropriately cedes IRB review to an external IRB (also called the Reviewing IRB). A reliance agreement is also required for collaborative research for which the Wright State IRB acts as the Reviewing IRB for an external organization or investigator. This page provides basic information regarding the Wright State institutional approval process required for IRB reliance; however, it is recommended that you also review the Collaborative Research and External IRB Review Policy before applying for reliance approval.
External Reliance Request Process
Wright State’s reliance on an external Reviewing IRB only transfers IRB review responsibilities to the other entity to avoid duplication of effort regarding IRB review. Wright State and its investigators still maintain full responsibility for the conduct and oversight of that research (e.g., institutional review of investigator qualifications, training, financial disclosure, biosafety and other ancillary reviews), in addition to ensuring compliance with the terms of the Reviewing IRB approval.
To help meet those responsibilities, Wright State requires submission of an abbreviated application (External Reliance Request Form) and institutional review and approval of that application prior to local study start. This institutional review is coordinated by the HRPP Director.
The external reliance request process uses the same Human Subjects module in RSP Gateway as Wright State IRB applications. After clicking Create New, select External Reliance Request. This will allow you to create the required abbreviated application and attach the following required information:
- Informed consent form(s)
- Study protocol or similar document
- External IRB’s reliance agreement template and/or external IRB contact information
Negotiating reliance agreements and coordination between institutions can take several weeks, so it is important to submit your request as soon as possible. Once your external reliance submission is fully approved, you will receive a 5-year reliance approval letter via email.
Master Reliance Agreements
Wright State has master reliance agreements in place to rely on the following external IRBs:
- Dayton Children’s Hospital IRB
- Wright-Patterson Medical Center IRB
- Air Force Research Lab IRB
- Advarra (Commercial IRB)
- WIRB (Commercial IRB)
Investigators who want to conduct research approved under these agreements must still complete and submit an External Reliance Request, however negotiating a separate reliance agreement will not be required. You will be responsible for any costs associated with utilizing an external IRB and Wright State may disapprove a request to use an IRB even though a master reliance agreement is in place.
Clinical Trials Research Alliance (CTRA), Premier Health, and Dayton VAMC
Wright State is considered to be “engaged” in human subject research for all human subject research conducted via the CTRA and therefore reliance on external IRBs for this research must be reviewed and approved via the External Reliance Request process in RSP Gateway.
Wright State’s submission requirements, however, do not apply to human subject research conducted solely by Premier Health or the Dayton Veterans Affairs Medical Center (Dayton VAMC) when either organization decides to cede IRB review to an IRB other than the Wright State IRB. For example, human subject research conducted at Premier Health in which Wright State will not be named in any publications/presentations and the research does not involve Wright State information, facilities or funding.
The Single IRB Mandates
Wright State has created processes to comply with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Policy on the Use of a Single Institutional Review Board of Record (sIRB) for Multi-Site Research effective January 25, 2018, and the sIRB Common Rule requirements effective January 21, 2020 However, Wright State will not agree to act as the sIRB for federally-funded research, but may participate in such research as a Relying Organization.(See Section 5.4 of the Collaborative Research Policy for more information).
It is also important to note that Wright State is not a member of the SMART IRB Program and cannot enter into reliance agreements via that program at this time.
Research Exempt from IRB Approval Requirements
Requests to rely on an external IRB will only be executed for non-exempt human subject research. For all research that qualifies for an exemption under the Common Rule, investigators must still apply to the Wright State IRB using the Initial Review Form to obtain an exemption determination even if a collaborating institution has already determined the research to be exempt.
Likewise, Wright State will not provide exemption determinations for external organizations or individual external collaborators, except for Premier Health and Dayton VAMC investigators.
Requests for Wright State IRB to Act as Reviewing IRB
In certain cases, the Wright State IRB may serve as the Reviewing IRB for a collaborative research site and/or collaborative investigator engaged in Wright State research.
These agreements are used when:
Faculty, staff, students, residents, or fellows from an FWA-holding institution that is NOT affiliated with Wright State wish to conduct research in conjunction with Wright State faculty, staff, students, residents, or fellows; or with employees of any of our affiliate institutions.
The review and approval of this reliance will be managed via the regular IRB new study submission process (i.e., Initial Review Form) in RSP Gateway. Investigators must provide the information requested in the form to facilitate negotiation of reliance agreement.
Wright State investigators should not initiate the Authorization Agreement with another institution without first checking with the Wright State IRB to:
- Verify the collaborator’s research activity meets the definition of “engaged in research:
- Identify the appropriate type of agreement
- Facilitate the signing of the agreement by Wright State’s Institutional Official
- Implement and management the agreement
IRB Agreement Types:
IRB Authorization (or Reliance) Agreement (IAA)
An IAA is an agreement between Wright State and another institution that holds a Federal Wide Assurance (FWA) with the Office of Human Research Protections (OHRP) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Any institution (e.g., university, medical centers, NGOs, community organization, survey research organization) receiving funds from HHS must have an FWA. This agreement type is used to establish the IRB-of-Record (whether that's Wright State or the other institution). The IAA is signed by the Institutional Officials at each institution.
Individual Investigator Agreement (IIA)
An IIA is an agreement between Wright State and an individual collaborator who is not affiliated with an FWA institution (e.g., former student working after graduation with their faculty mentor, professional in the community with specific expertise, community partners). This agreement type outlines the responsibilities of the individual investigator for the protection of human subjects.
The IIA is signed by the:
- Individual investigator
- Wright State Principal Investigator (PI)
- Wright State Institutional Official
Master Reliance Agreement
Long-standing master reliance agreements are in place to allow the Wright State IRB to act as the Reviewing IRB for both Premier Health (includes Miami Valley Hospital, Upper Valley Medical Center and Atrium Medical Center) and the Dayton Veterans Affairs Medical Center (Dayton VAMC). These agreements were put into place as many Wright State Boonshoft School of Medicine investigators also hold staff appointments at these health care organizations and neither organization currently operates their own local IRBs.
Premier Health or Dayton VAMC investigators conducting studies via these master agreements should indicate this reliance in the Initial Review Form (see Sections 5.1-5.3 of Collaborative Research Policy for more information).
Data Use Agreement (DUA)
A DUA covers the physical or electronic transfer of data between unaffiliated institutions. Examples include records from government agencies, institutions or corporation, student records information, medical records information, and existing human subject’s data. Please contact the IRB Office for assistance in determining if a DUA is appropriate for your study.
Multisite Research Studies
At this time, the Wright State IRB cannot serve as the IRB of record (i.e., the reviewing IRB) for a multicenter study where all the sites are not local. Please contact the IRB with any questions.
External Collaborator Engagement
External collaborators are not considered “engaged in research” if they do not interact with subjects or the identified data, analyze deidentified data only, or assist with recruitment only. For more information see the OHRP Guidance on Engagement of Institutions in Human Subjects Research.
Office of Human Research Protections (OHRP)
Federalwide Assurance Number (FWA): 00002427
Expiration Date: 12-07-2022
IRB Registration Number: IORG0000025
Expiration Date: 05-19-2023
Who Should I Contact for More Information or Guidance?
For questions about reliance processes, please contact the IRB Office at firstname.lastname@example.org or 937-775-4462.