Web Accessibility

Web Accessibility Resources

Testing | Tools | Laws | Articles
Resources: General | Browsers | Specific Impairments
Presentations: EDUCAUSE 2001

Testing Your Web Site for Accessibility:

Bobby is a Web-based public service offered by the Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST) that analyzes Web pages for their accessibility to people with disabilities as well as their compatibility with various browsers.

Pennsylvania's Initiative on Assistive Technology.  A tool that helps you determine your page's accessibility by presenting the "linearized" reading order, ALT text for images—and image map areas—and the applet alternatives. 

TOM, the Text-Only Maker
Developed at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), TOM will convert graphical Web pages into text-only pages or text and graphics Web pages.

W3C http://validator.w3.org
This service checks HTML documents for conformance to W3C HTML and XHTML recommendations and other HTML standards.

Lynx Viewer
This service allows you to see what your pages will look like when viewed with Lynx, a text-mode Web browser.

Net Mechanic
Net Mechanic doesn't check for accessibility, but it does check your Web site to find broken links, perform HTML validation, optimize your images, and monitor your server's performance.

Assistive Technology Software Tools

Jaws for Windows from Freedom Scientific
Screen reader software that allows those who are blind or visually impaired to use the Web and other software applications.  

Homepage Reader from IBM
Free 30-day trial download available. Home Page Reader (HPR) provides an interface for computer users who are blind or visually impaired to navigate and manipulate Web page elements and uses IBM's ViaVoice Outloud text-to-speech synthesizer for speaking. 

QuickTime Pro
May be helpful in adding synchronized captions to your video and multimedia presentations.

LiveStage Pro
An authoring tool for developers and digital media producers, also offers the option of adding synchronized captioning.

Zoom Text Xtra
It is a screen magnifier and some versions also include a screen reader.

Window Eyes
It is a speech synthesizer that works with the Windows operating system to access popular software applications and the Internet

Assistive Technology Hardware Tools

Headmaster Plus
The HeadMaster Plus Headset is a mouse system that is operated by head movements.

Home Page Reader (HPR) provides an interface for computer users who are blind or visually impaired to navigate and manipulate Web page elements and uses IBM's ViaVoice Outloud text-to-speech synthesizer for speaking. 

It is an alernate keyboard, which provides large keys that are easy to see and touch. The light-touch surface can be operated with finger, foot, head, or plonker-stick. Overlays give the user a customizable keyboard.

Information on Laws Pertaining to Web Accessibility

U.S. Department of Justice, Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 

Enforcing the ADA—A Status Report from the Department of Justice 

Section 504 of the U.S. Rehabilitation Act of 1973 

Section 508 of the U.S. Rehabilitation Act of 1973—Department of Justice site.

Section 508: The Road to Accessibility—U.S. General Services Administration's Office of Governmentwide Policy site.

Section 508: Academic Community—Resources from various academic institutions.

Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards from Section 508 of the U.S. Rehabilitation Act of 1973  

Equal Access to Software and Information (EASI) Disability Law Related to Information Technology site.

Resources - General:

Wright State University Web Accessibility Guidelines

Web Accessibility Initiative
As part of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), WAI is focused on Web accessibility through five areas: technology, guidelines, tools, education and outreach, and research and development. WAI is currently drafting Accessibility Guidelines for Web Authors

Equal Access to Software and Information
This site contains links to accessibility-related Web sites and other resources. Equal Access to Software and Information (EASI) also offers workshops on accessible Web design, publishes an electronic journal (Information Technology and Disabilities), and sponsors related listservs.

IBM Web Accessibility Center
Features an accessibility checklist and information on each guideline.

Microsoft Accessibility Technology for Everyone
This site explains the importance of accessible Web sites and provides resources including guidelines, tools, a checklist, and examples of accessible sites. 

This website provides tools and resources to help people with visual disabilities access information in AdobeČ PDF. 

CPD/WBGH National Center for Accessible Media
A research and development facility that works to make media accessible to people with disabilities, minority-language users, and people with low literacy skills. 

Accessible Web Page Design
Resources that may be helpful in creating accessible Web pages.

Adaptive Technology Resource Centre
University of Toronto Information Commons.
The Adaptive Technology Resource Centre (ATRC) provides information and consultation on alternative methods of accessing information technology for people with disabilities.

AbilityHub—Assistive Technology Solutions 
This site will direct you to adaptive equipment and alternative methods available for accessing computers. 

Eve Resources
This site contains information about color blindness.

Resources - Browsers:

WebTV Viewer
The WebTV Viewer simulates WebTV on your personal computer. Download either Windows or Mac free software, which creates the simulation.

Fast Browser
Talking browser that adds voice-synthesizing software to Microsoft’s Internet Explorer (Windows only)—creating spoken-word Web pages.

Microsoft Internet Explorer
Version 5.x and higher (full install) has a special access technology called "Microsoft Active Accessibility" (MSAA)

Resources for Specific Impairments:

Blindness Resource Center
A list of resources on the blind, including sources on Web access. An alternate large font page is provided.

Vischeck's color vision model allows you to simulate how the world looks to people with various sorts of color deficiency. 

Shows images filtered using the Colorfield╗ Insight plug-in to simulate various types of colorblindness.

Articles about Accessibility:

Murie, Michael. "QuickTips: Captioning QuickTime," DV.com magazine. May 5, 2001.

Paciello, Michael G. "Getting to Know the Disabilities Community," Web Review. March 9, 2001.

Discussion Groups and Listservs:

A discussion list on the problems and opportunities for libraries to become more accessible for persons with disabilities. To subscribe, send email to: listserv@maelstrom.stjohns.edu
with the message: sub axslib-l Firstname Lastname The AXSLIB-L Archives are also available.

A general discussion on adaptive technology with a special focus on its uses in education. To subscribe, send email to: listserv@maelstrom.stjohns.edu with the message: sub easi Firstname Lastname The EASI Archives are also available.


Web Accessibility: What Is It and How Do We Get It? (PowerPoint presentation); Example of Accessible Web Page; Example of Nonaccessible Web Page.

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Last updated: Mon. Feb-28-11, 10:44
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