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Staff Handbook

Employee Categories

photo of an employee walking down a hall

Wright State is a complex and diverse institution much like a small city. As such, we have a variety of employee categories for you to become familiar with during your tenure.

The Classified Employee

Classified employees provide many of the specialized skills that allow the university to function smoothly. Under Ohio law, employees of a state university, except those engaged in teaching, research, and administration, are appointed under classified civil service.  

To be employed in civil service means that you are employed in the service of the state or other jurisdiction within the state system. Wright State is one of 14 public four-year universities in Ohio and is, therefore, a state-assisted institution. Ohio’s civil service laws govern the university’s job classifications, and many policies and procedures. The university has also established some rules and policies in addition to and consistent with the civil service laws.

Under the civil service system, classified positions are determined by the duties and responsibilities of the job. Classified employees are appointed to positions in two categories: certified and provisional. A certified employee has passed a civil service examination and has been selected for appointment. Provisional appointments are made when civil service examinations aren’t required.

A classified employee is paid on an hourly basis and is subject to the non-exempt provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act.

Ohio Civil Service Laws and the State Personnel Board of Review (SPBR)

As a civil service employee, protection and benefits of civil service apply as defined in the Ohio Revised Code, Chapter 124. These statutes govern many aspects of your job. Consequently, Wright State’s employment practices have been established in accordance with the state’s civil service laws. For more information visit, the Ohio Revised Code website.

Classified employees have a variety of rights under the Ohio Revised Code. (This process does not apply to collective bargaining unit employees). You can appeal:

  • Results of a position audit
  • University’s refusal to perform a position audit
  • Removal
  • Suspension (more than three days)
  • Fines
  • Disciplinary reduction in pay or position
  • Layoff
  • Job abolishment
  • Displacement
  • Transfer
  • Disability separation

Additional information regarding the State Personnel Board of Review is available at:
65 East State Street, 12th floor
Columbus, Ohio 43215
(Voice) (614) 466-7046
(Fax) (614) 466-6539

The Unclassified Employee

An individual without fully affiliated academic rank, appointed to a position outside the classified service involving professional, administrative, or educational duties, is an unclassified employee according to Ohio civil service law. The unclassified employee is considered a regular employee when he or she enters into continuing employment with the university to work on either a full-time or part-time basis for an indefinite period. A “special contract” employee is one who is employed to perform duties or assignments for a specific period of time, typically one year and renewable.

In accordance with Fair Labor Standards Act, an unclassified employee can be either salaried or hourly; with the unclassified hourly employees subject to the non-exempt provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act.  Also, an unclassified employee, whether salaried or hourly, could also be employed as a “special contract” employee who is hired to perform duties or assignments for a specific period of time, e.g. 6 months, 1 year, or 2 years.  The specific employment time for a “special contract” employee is noted in the offer letter.  If renewable, extension of the “special contract” timeframe or termination of the “special contract” is determined within 60 days of the end of the “special contract.”  If you are a “special contract” employee, please note the benefit differences.

Staff Senate

The Wright State University Staff Senate will serve as the official representative body of the Wright State staff community. The Staff Senate represents the interests of staff, fosters a spirit of unity and cooperation among the campus community, and provides staff representation parallel to those of the faculty and student governing bodies.