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Hiles, Jeffrey A. Listening to Bike Lanes. September 1996.
Whole essay in one file (544 KB. PDF
Abstract | List of Illustrations
| List of Tables
- The Problem: Bike Facilities and One-Eyed Prophets
- Car-Bike Crashes 1: Those Bothersome Bumps From Behind
- The Cross-Fisher Study
- Fatal versus non-fatal crash reporting
- Perspective: 1993 U.S. car-bike
- Other Overtaking Crash Types
- Bike crashes with and without cars
- Unlucky Type 13
- Overtaking: a rural and nighttime problem
- Speed kills
- Where (not whether) overtaking is a problem
- Seat-of-the-pants profile
- Car-Bike Crashes 2: A Broader View
- Cross-Fisher compared with other
- Five other crash studies
- The overall pattern
- Education and engineering: different
needs, different outlook
- Behavior 1: The IdealVehicular Cycling
- Drivers' training for cyclists
- Forester's "basic principles
of traffic cycling"
- Road position: how cyclists "talk"
- Negotiating with traffic
- The importance of downplaying the overtaking
- Some misconceptions
- Effective limits to Effective Cycling
- Do Effective Cyclists ride more safely?
- North Carolina study: A direct approach
- Beyond crashes: A sense of competence
- Behavior 2: The RealHow Bicyclists Actually Behave
(and how hard that is for some of us to accept)
- Riding with traffic or facing traffic
- Stop signs and red lights
- Scofflaw, or just plain human?
- Affordance cycling
- Bicycling: the "folk transportation"
- Cycling sanctimony
- How bad are bicyclists, really?
- Design Concepts
- Rack your bike, not your brain
- The right to signal a right with
- Knowledge in the head and knowledge
in the world
- Environmental design as nonverbal communication
- Asking the right questions
- Facilities of Fashion: From Bike Paths to Bike Lanes
- A holistic trend
- Side paths
- Wide curb lanes
- Bike lanes
- More claims for bike lanes
- Listening to Bike Lanes
- Variation: threat or asset?
- Response ability and vehicular
- Cognitive stress theory, system
image, and perceptions
- Gus the ordinary guy
- Betsy the Effective Cyclist
- Bike lanes: Knowledge in the environment
- The ABC's of the "design cyclist"
- Limitations of dichotomous paradigms
- Replace "experience"
with "traffic tolerance" or "preference"
- Linking stress and design
- Bike lane design and mental models
- Conclusions and Recommendations
- Crash Statistics
- Bicyclist education
- Cyclists' behavior
- Bike lanes, behavior, and
- The advocate's challenge
- Why the term "sense of competence"
- Measurement tools and future directions for
- Finding new stories
Appendix: Bicycle Advocacy Resources
- Differences in Cross-Fisher fatal and non-fatal
distributions by Class
- Non-fatal car-bike crash distributions from
five studies by Cross-Fisher Class
- A vehicular cycling sampler
- Two bike rack designs
- Side path intersection hazards and risk factors
from Wachtel and Lewiston 1995 study
- A safe, isolated trail and a hazardous side
- Ohio car-bike collisions, 1980 through 1993
- Daytime crashes compared to bicyclists' perceptions
of risk of colliding with vehicles from various directions
- Hybrid lane pavement marking
- Estimated share of reported 1993 U.S. motor vehicle-bicycle
crashes for Cross-Fisher Problem Type 13: motorist overtaking, bicyclist
- Cross-Fisher Class D Car-Bike Crashes
- Five crash studies compared
- Top 10 Cross-Fisher crash types, all age groups
- Cross-Fisher Type 13 crashes summarized
- Forester's General Accident Rates
- Forester's estimate of "distance and time
required to learn traffic-safe cycling"
- Bike injuries among North Carolina school children:
Students who took "The Basics of Bicycling" compared with control
- Wrong-way and sidewalk riding in Oregon bicycle
- Most frequent car-bike collisions by age
- Sorton and Walsh street stress levels