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Hiles, Jeffrey A. Listening to Bike Lanes. September 1996.
Bicycle Advocacy Resources
When I began researching bicycle-related information in 1990, it was extremely
hard to find anything on bicycling other than sport-related books and articles.
Fortunately, there has been a steady stream of new bike transportation-related
materials in recent years. More than three quarters of the items on my reference
list have 1990s dates. But you still have to look in not-so-mainstream
places. To help others avoid the long search I endured, I recommend the following
sources as starting points.
This appendix is presented as I wrote it in 1996. I dont intend
to keep it up to date. Be warned that a lot has changed. For example,
the Bicycle Federation of America has become the National
Center for Bicycling & Walking and Bicycle Form has become
the NCBW Forum.
To contact the NCBW, call (202) 463-6622, fax (202) 463-6625, email firstname.lastname@example.org,
or visit www.bikewalk.org.
I assume the email lists have stayed active. Some of the participants
had so much to say that Id be surprised if they werent saying
In my opinion, Bike Plan Source
remains the most reliable and level-headed place to start looking for
bicycle planning information on the Web.
-Jeff Hiles, February, 2002
- Bicycle Forum Technical Note Series by John Williams and others.
- Compiled by the editor of Bicycle Forum, these range from one to
four pages and cover, bike path safety, bikeway liability, bike rack design,
bicycle parking ordinances and other topics. Technical Note number S1 is an
excellent summary of Cross-Fisher car-bike crash statistics. Contact the Adventure
Cycling Association, P.O. Box 8308, Missoula, Montana 59807, (406) 721-1776.
- Bicycle Safety-Related Research Synthesis by Andy Clarke and Linda
- This 1995 publication summarizes much of what has been learned to date about
bicycle safety, education, and facilities. Published by the Federal Highway
Administration, this 145-page book is free from the National Bicycle and Pedestrian
Clearinghouse: (800) 760-6272.
- Bicycle Transportation by John Forester
- Although it is subtitled A Handbook for Cycling Transportation Engineers,
this is really one long anti-bikeway, pro-Effective-Cycling rant. It contains
a lot of information, including some thats useful, if youre willing
to wade and weed. The book is most valuable as background material to help
you understand anti-bikeway passions. The second edition was published by
the MIT Press in 1994.
- The Death and Life of Great American Cities by Jane Jacobs
- This classic critique of cities, city planning, and the relationships between
environmental design and quality of life doesnt specifically address
bicycle issues, but offers a way of seeing that can be very helpful to bicycle
advocates. The 1961 book is published by Random House.
- Effective Cycling by John Forester
- The textbook for the League of American Bicyclists Effective Cycling
program, this book contains some of the best explanations of traffic cycling
techniques you are likely to find. Of course, it is also riddled with Foresters
anti-bikeway sentiments. The sixth edition was published by MIT Press in 1993.
- The Effects of Bicycle Accommodations on Bicycle/Motor Vehicle Safety
and Traffic Operations by Wilkinson, et al.
- This summarizes current information on various bicycle facilities. The authors
seem quite partial to bike lanes, but the book is a good source of information
and citations. This Federal Highway Administration report is available from
the National Technical Information Service, 5282 Port Royal Road, Springfield,
Virginia 22161, (703) 487-4650.
- Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities prepared by the AASHTO
Task Force on Geometric Design.
- This might best be described as the national guide for bicycle facility
planning and design. (Many states have their own guidelines, though.) Its
published by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation
Officials, 444 N. Capitol St., N.W., Suite 225, Washington, D.C. 2001.
- The Psychology of Everyday Things by Donald A. Norman
- Norman has rolled cognitive psychology and industrial design into an entertaining
and easy-to-understand package. Published by Basic Books, 1988.
- Bicycle Forum
- The journal of bicycle advocacy has been around since 1978.
Topics include all aspects of bicycle education, engineering, encouragement
and enforcement, including nuts-and-bolts how-tos, with much more emphasis
on engineering topics than you will find elsewhere. Also, each issue has a
Library section that lists new publications in the field. Published
quarterly, its available through the BFA, 1506 21st St. NW, Suite 200,
Washington DC 20036-1008; (202) 463-6622.
- Pro Bike News
- The monthly newsletter of the Bicycle Federation of America covers state-or-the-art
bicycle advocacy with an emphasis on topics of interest to advocacy organizations.
Contact the BFA, 1506 21st St. NW, Suite 200, Washington DC 20036-1008; (202)
- Transportation Research Record
- This peer-reviewed publication of the Transportation Research Board is one
of the best sources for the most current and respectable transportation research
results. Records 1168, 1372, 1405, and 1502 each have bicycle-related themes.
Contact the Transportation Research Board, Business Office, National Research
Council, 2101 Constitution Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20418, (202) 334-3214.
TRB information is also available at the web site: www.nas.edu
World Wide Web sites
The U.S. Department of Transportations Bureau of Transportation Statistics
has a remarkable number of articles on various subjects in its web sites
bicycle and pedestrian section:
Williams and Tracy Consultings web site provides resources for developing
a community bike plan. It contains information compiled by Bicycle Forum
editor John Williams and former Bicycle Federation of America project
manager Linda Tracy:
E-mail mailing lists
For those who arent familiar with mailing lists: When you send an e-mail
message to a mailing list, your message is automatically forwarded to everyone
else who subscribes to the list. So you can carry on running, group discussions
about the lists topic. The following lists all reside at the same server.
To subscribe, just send an e-mail message to:
The message itself should be the word subscribe followed by the
name of the list. To subscribe to the Bikepeople list, for example, your message
Soon you will receive a welcome message confirming your subscription and telling
you how to unsubscribe. Then you can participate in discussions by sending messages
to the name of the list followed by the server address:
- Cycling activists from recreational and utilitarian cycling points
of view meet here.... Racing, touring, commuting, off-road, tandeming, etc.
advocates are welcome. Advocacy can be a copy of a letter written to the local
paper, excerpts from a new cycling textbook, testimony before a government
committee, notes from a day in court or a report of illuminating encounter
with one of our friends on the roadway which provides an insight
to an advocacy issue or problem are all legitimate.
- Issues include safety, facilities design, public/corporate policies affecting
bicycles, strategies for educating/informing policy makers, sharing information.
The scope includes all developments that affect bicycles: freeway construction,
urban land use planning, intelligent vehicles, etc.
- According to its welcome message, this list is for worldwide information
exchange and discussion on the topics of cyclist safety, cyclist/motorist/pedestrian
education, cycling encouragement, and enforcement programs.
National Bicycle and Pedestrian Clearinghouse
(800) 760-6272, fax: (202) 463-6625, e-mail: email@example.com
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