Web Accessibility

Web Accessibility Standards

Last revised Tuesday, 10-Jan-2006 16:46:29 EST .

Anything that prevents a person from obtaining needed information makes that content inaccessible. Accessibility begins with good design. Making your Web pages simple, well-organized and consistent will assist all people visiting your site.

Standards (a) through (p) below were created by the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board) as part of Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Links are provided for most standards to additional information from the Access Board, which you may find helpful.

We have also provided WSU Web Accessibility guidelines, which will assist you in creating accessible, effective and easy-to-use Web pages.

Any Wright State University Web pages which contain official university information or are directly connected with the university's mission, including staff, faculty and student organization pages and any pages that provide classroom or coursework materials, must adhere to the following Web accessibility standards, as stated in the University World Wide Web Policy

Once you've developed your Web pages, test them for accessibility using a validator such as Bobby (http://www.cast.org/bobby/). Additional accessibility information and testing resources are available on our Resource List.

[Published in the Federal Register on December 21, 2000]
36 CFR Part 1194
[Docket No. 2000-01]
RIN 3014-AA25

§ 1194.22 Web-based Intranet and Internet information and applications.

(a) A text equivalent for every non-text element shall be provided (e.g., via "alt", "longdesc", or in element content).

[ 508 on Standard (a) | WSU on Standard (a) ]

(b) Equivalent alternatives for any multimedia presentation shall be synchronized with the presentation.

[ 508 on Standard (b) | WSU on Standard (b) ]

(c) Web pages shall be designed so that all information conveyed with color is also available without color, for example from context or markup.

[ 508 on Standard (c) ]

(d) Documents shall be organized so they are readable without requiring an associated style sheet.

[ 508 on Standard (d) | WSU on Standard (d) ]

(e) Redundant text links shall be provided for each active region of a server-side image map.

[ 508 on Standard (e) ]

(f) Client-side image maps shall be provided instead of server-side image maps except where the regions cannot be defined with an available geometric shape.

[ 508 on Standard (f) ]

(g) Row and column headers shall be identified for data tables.

[ 508 on Standards (g) and (h)WSU on Standard (g) ]

(h) Markup shall be used to associate data cells and header cells for data tables that have two or more logical levels of row or column headers.

[ 508 on Standards (g) and (h) ]

(i) Frames shall be titled with text that facilitates frame identification and navigation.

[ 508 on Standard (i) | WSU on Standard (i) ]

(j) Pages shall be designed to avoid causing the screen to flicker with a frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower than 55 Hz.

[ 508 on Standard (j) | WSU on Standard (j) ]

(k) A text-only page, with equivalent information or functionality, shall be provided to make a web site comply with the provisions of this part, when compliance cannot be accomplished in any other way. The content of the text-only page shall be updated whenever the primary page changes.

[ 508 on Standard (k) ]

(l) When pages utilize scripting languages to display content, or to create interface elements, the information provided by the script shall be identified with functional text that can be read by assistive technology.

[ 508 on Standard (l) ]

(m) When a Web page requires that an applet, plug-in or other application be present on the client system to interpret page content, the page must provide a link to a plug-in or applet that complies with §1194.21(a) through (l).

[ 508 on Standard (m) | WSU on Standard (m) ]

(n) When electronic forms are designed to be completed on-line, the form shall allow people using assistive technology to access the information, field elements, and functionality required for completion and submission of the form, including all directions and cues.

[ 508 on Standard (n) | WSU on Standard (n) ]

(o) A method shall be provided that permits users to skip repetitive navigation links.

[ 508 on Standard (o) | WSU on Standard (o)  ]

(p) When a timed response is required, the user shall be alerted and given sufficient time to indicate more time is required.

[ 508 on Standard (p) ]

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Last updated: Tue. Jan-10-06, 16:46
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