Bloodborne Pathogens Safety



If you are stuck by a needle or other sharp or get blood or other potentially infectious materials in your eyes, nose, mouth, or on broken skin, immediately flood the exposed area with water and clean any wound with soap and water or a skin disinfectant if available. Report this immediately to your supervisor and seek immediate medical attention.

What are Bloodborne Pathogens?

Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Needlesticks and other sharps-related injuries may expose workers to bloodborne pathogens. 

Who needs this information?

All employees who may have occupational exposure to human blood, body fluids, or unfixed tissue; human cells or cell lines; or HIV or Hepatitis B Virus are required to comply with the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogen (BBP) Standard.

Exposure Control Plan

In order to reduce or eliminate the hazards of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens, Wright State has an Exposure Control Plan to eliminate or minimize occupational exposures.  The plan includes:

  • exposure control;
  • methods of control;
    • use of universal precautions;
    • use of engineering controls;
    • use of work practice controls;
  • use and provision of personal protective equipment (PPE);
  • housekeeping;
  • regulated waste (infectious waste);
  • laundry;
  • availability of hepatitis B vaccinations to workers with occupational exposure;
  • availability of post-exposure evaluations and follow-up to an exposure incident;
  • use of labels and signs to communication hazards;
  • information and training to workers; and
  • maintenance of worker medical and training records.
  • also describes how Wright State uses a combination of engineering and work practice controls, ensures the use of personal protective clothing and equipment, provides training , medical surveillance, hepatitis B vaccinations, and signs and labels, among other provisions.

Compliance with this program is mandatory.

Exposure Control Plan

Written Opinion

The University must provide the employee with a copy of the evaluating health care professional's written opinion within 15 working days of the completion of the original evaluation.  The opinion for post-exposure evaluation and follow-up should include:

  • whether or not the employee received the vaccination,
  • that the employee has been informed of the results of the evaluation;
  • that the employee has been told about any medical conditions resulting from exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials that will require further evaluation or treatment.

All other findings or diagnoses will remain confidential and will not be included in the written report.

All laboratory tests are conducted at no cost to the employee.  

Contact the Department of Environmental Health and Safety (937-775-2215) if you have post-exposure evaluation or follow-up questions.

Medical Records must be maintained for the duration of the worker's employment plus 30 years.

Example Written Opinion Form

Health Care Professionals  
Written Opinion For Post-Exposure Evaluation*
  1. Employee Name:_____________________________________________
  2. Date of Incident:_____________________________________________
  3. Date of Office Visit:__________________________________________
  4. Health Care Facility Address:__________________________________
  5. Health Care Facility Telephone:________________________________

As required under the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard: 

______ The employee named above has been informed of the results of the post-exposure health evaluation. 

______ The employee named above has been told about any health conditions resulting from exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials which require further evaluation or treatment. 

______ Hepatitis B vaccination is ____ is not ____ indicated. 

Signature of health care provider:_______________________ Date: ________ 

Printed or typed name of health care provider:___________________________ 

This form is to be returned to the employer, and a copy provided to the employee within 15 days. 

Employer Name:______________________________ 



*This form was taken from: Model Exposure Control Plan for Home Care: A Guide for Hospice/Home Agencies on the Bloodborne Pathogens Standards. OSHA Office of Occupational Nursing, (1994).


Emergency Needlestick Information

If you experienced a needlestick or sharps injury or were exposed to the blood or other body fluid of a patient during the course of your work, immediately follow these steps:

  1. Wash needlesticks and cuts with soap and water
  2. Flush splashes to the nose, mouth, or skin with water
  3. Irrigate eyes with clean water, saline, or sterile irrigants
  4. Report the incident to your supervisor
  5. Immediately seek medical treatment



Post-exposure Prophylaxis


Training is required for employees with occupational exposure to human blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM).

Determination of at risk personnel

A template is available to identify personnel at risk to bloodborne pathogen exposure.

Training shall be provided:

  • at the time of initial assignment to tasks where occupational exposure may take place;
  • at least annually thereafter (within one year of previous training); and
  • additional training will be provided when changes or new tasks or procedures affect the employee's occupational exposure.

For questions contact: