Definitions

  • Gender-Based Violence - Any behavior or practice that causes or intends to cause emotional, psychological, physical harm or property damage based on actual or perceived gender, gender identity, gender expression, and/or sexual orientation.
  • Sex Offenses - Any sexual act directed against another person, without the consent of the victim, including instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent.  (Examples of Sex Offenses include but are not limited to:  Rape sexual assault, sexual battery, sexual imposition, or public indecency.)
  • Domestic Violence (DV) - A felony or misdemeanor crime of violence committed – by a current or former spouse or intimate partner of the victim; by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common; by a person who is cohabitating with, or has cohabitated with, the victim as a spouse or intimate partner; by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the state of Ohio; or by any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the state of Ohio.
  • Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) - Physical, sexual, threats, or psychological abuse that occurs between two people in a close or intimate relationship.  The term "intimate partner" includes current and former spouses, partners and date partners. (Examples of Intimate Partner Violence include but are not limited to:  Grabbing, shoving, slapping, hitting, kicking, punching, stabbing, shooting, rape, intimidation, blackmail, or maintaining control over financial resources including a person's earned income.)
  • Dating Violence (DaV) - A type of intimate partner violence that occurs between two people in a dating relationship. The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on the reporting party’s statement and with consideration of the length of the relationship, the type of relationship, and the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship. Dating violence does not include acts covered under the definition of domestic violence.  (Examples of Dating Violence include but are not limited to:  Extreme jealousy or insecurity, belittling, isolating you from family or friends, or making false accusations.)
  • Stalking - Stalking involves repeatedly following, harassing, threatening, or intimidating another by telephone, mail, electronic communication, social media, or any other action, device, or method that purposely or knowingly causes substantial emotional distress or reasonable fear of bodily injury or death. (Examples of stalking include but are not limited to:  Monitoring an individual's phone calls, reading a person's mail, following a person outside the home, breaking into a person's home, stealing a person's belongings, calling, texting, emailing, mailing a person repeatedly at home or work, repeated, uninvited appearances at a place of work or residence.)
  • Sexual Misconduct - Any attempt at or any actual unwanted sexual contact, physical or nonphysical, in the absence of clear and voluntary consent.  Clear and voluntary consent is consent that is given freely and actively in mutually understandable words or actions that indicate a willingness to participate in mutually agreed upon sexual activity.  Consent is not clear or voluntary if it results from the use of physical force, threats, intimidation, or coercion.  It is a violation of policy to have sexual contact with someone who is known to be, or should be known to be incapable of making a rational, reasonable decision.  (Examples of sexual misconduct include but are not limited to:  Sexual penetration, sexual touching with any body part or object without consent, taking non-consensual, unjust, or abusive sexual advantage of another, such as video or audio or audio-taping of sexual activity without the express permission of both parties, or the exposure of the private or intimate parts of the body in a lewd manner in public or in private premises.)
  • Consent - This is the act of knowingly and affirmatively agreeing to engage in a sexual activity.  Consent must be voluntary.  An individual cannot consent who is substantially impaired by any drug or intoxicant; or who has been compelled by force, threat of force, or deception; or who is unaware that the act is being committed; or whose ability to consent is impaired because of a mental or physical condition; or who is a minor by legal definition.  Consent may be withdrawn at any time.  Prior sexual activity or relationship does not, in and of itself, constitute consent.