Glossary of Terms

Academic Probation

Students that have fallen below the GPA threshold for good academic standing are placed on academic probation. Students on academic probation must have their advisor’s approval before registering for future semesters, as well as for adding or dropping classes during a semester. Advisors may also limit a student’s course load, require remedial work or course repeats, restrict enrollment, or other steps deemed necessary.

Academic Standing

Both undergraduate and graduate students earn academic standing at the University once they have attempted 12 semester credit hours. To be in good academic standing, undergraduate students must have earned a cumulative GPA of 2.0 or higher and graduate students must have earned a cumulative GPA of 3.0 or higher. Students who fall below these GPA thresholds will be place on academic probation.


A Wright State University staff member assigned to provide students with academic advice and general guidance on academic planning, class scheduling, degree completion, and student success.

Articulation Agreement

An agreement between universities, colleges, and/or community colleges which details 1) the way in which courses will transfer from one institution to another, and/or 2) the way which courses from one institution will apply to a program of study at another institution.

Attempted hours

Attempted hours are the total number of credit hours for courses in which you earn a letter grade, including “K” and “W” grades.

Career-Technical Credit Transfer (CTAG)

Students who successfully complete specified technical programs are eligible to have technical credit transfer to public colleges and universities. This transfer of credit is described as Career-Technical Assurance Guides (CTAG). CTAGs are advising tools that assist students moving from Ohio secondary and adult career-technical institutions to Ohio public institutions of higher education. Visit the Ohio Higher Ed Career-Technical Credit Transfer page to learn more. 


A corequisite is a course that must be taken at the same time as another course.

Course Audit

Auditing a course permits students to register for the course for personal knowledge only, without being awarded a grade that impacts GPA.  When space permits, students may audit a course with written approval from the instructor. The student may not use audited courses to establish full time status, and the student may not change his or her registration from audit to credit or from credit to audit after the fifth business day of a regular 14 week semester or day two of a short term.

Course Sequence

Two or three courses that are intended to be taken together in order to fulfill a degree or program requirement. These courses are meant to be taken in a specific order, as the earlier courses are generally prerequisites for later courses. Example: course sequence Spanish 1010 and 1020. A student would need to take those two courses, in that order. Courses included as part of a “course sequence” are often referred to as “sequence courses.”

Credit by Examination

Credit by examination allows students additional options to be awarded college credit. Please see the Credit By Exam Policy for more information.

Credit Completion Rate

The percentage of credits hours attempted for which a students has earned a grade, including “K” and “W” grades. The credit completion rate is one of the criteria in determining satisfactory academic progress for financial aid eligibility.

Credit Hour

One semester credit hour will be awarded for a minimum of 770 minutes of formalized instruction during an academic term. Typically, students should work on assignments out-of-class, an average of two hours for every one hour of formalized instruction.

Degree Audit Reporting System (DARS) Report

An individualized, computerized record that compares a student’s past and current coursework with the requirements for his/her academic program. This report shows which degree requirements still need to be completed by the student.

DARS reports are primarily used at the undergraduate level.

Earned hours

The total number of credit hours for courses in which you have earned a grade of A, B, C, D or P.

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) is a Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records.

Financial Aid Consortium Agreement

A contract between three parties: the student, Wright State University, and a visiting school (which you complete one or more transferable classes on a limited basis).  It allows WSU to award and disburse your financial aid for a specific enrollment period to help pay for costs you may incur because you are enrolled at a visiting school.

Free Electives

College level courses taken for credit outside of specific university, collegial, or departmental degree requirements.

Good Standing

Students who have earned a cumulative GPA of 2.0 or higher, or who have not been on probation for more than two consecutive quarters, are considered to be in good standing.

Grade Point Average (GPA)

Academic achievement is indicated by the following letter grades and points used in calculating GPAs. A student's GPA at Wright State is obtained by dividing the number of points the student has earned at Wright State by the total number of hours the student has attempted at Wright State. Credits transferred from other colleges/universities are not included in the calculation of a student’s Wright State GPA.

GPA hours

The total number of credit hours used in the calculation of your cumulative GPA.

Full-time Status

The minimum full-time undergraduate course load is 12 credit hours per semester. For graduate students, the minimum full-time course load is 6 credit hours per semester.

Major GPA

Major GPA refers to the grade point average calculated by only using courses in your major or college.

Military Transfer Assurance Guide (MTAG)

Statewide transfer guarantee on military training, experience, and coursework.  It is typically attached to an existing OTM, TAG, or CTAG course.

Native Student

A student whose initial college enrollment was at a given institution of higher education and who has not transferred to another institution of higher education since that initial enrollment.

Ohio Transfer Module

This is a subset or a complete set of a college’s or university’s general education requirements that represents a body of knowledge and academic skills common across Ohio colleges and universities, containing 36- 40 semester hours or 54-60 quarter hours of courses in the fields of (1) English; (2) mathematics; (3) arts/humanities; (4) social and behavioral sciences; (5) natural and physical sciences; (6) interdisciplinary coursework (optional). This requirement is generally completed in the first two years of a student's residency.


Wright State defines plagiarism as quoting, paraphrasing, or otherwise using the words or ideas of another as your own without acknowledging or properly citing the other.  See the Code of Student Conduct for details.


Prerequisite is something that must be completed or a condition that must be met before you can register for a class.

Quarter System

The quarter system divides the academic year into four main enrollment periods (Fall, Winter, Spring, and Summer) of about 10 weeks of instruction each. WSU operated on the quarter system until Fall 2012.


Recitation is a regularly scheduled small-group class session required for students enrolled in many large lecture courses.

Registration Consortium/Cross-Registration

Registration Consortium/Cross-Registration refers to a Southwestern Ohio Consortium of Higher Education (SOCHE) program that allows students to take a class at another school that belongs to the Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education (SOCHE) if the course is not offered at Wright State during the current term, you are taking more or an equal number of hours at Wright State than at the other school, and you meet all prerequisites of the other school, meet that school's deadlines, and are accepted by that school as a student. You can obtain information on cross registration in-person at Raider Connect, located in the Student Union, by calling (937) 775-4000, or via the SOCHE website at

Registration Restriction

Restriction is a condition or set of conditions that limit enrollment in a course to a select group of students.

Repeating a Course

Students may choose to repeat a course for purposes of grade improvement or increasing content knowledge. See the Course Repeat policy for more information.

Satisfactory Academic Progress

Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) refers to federal regulations required for students to receive federal student aid at Wright State University. Visit the Raider Connect website for more information.

Second Start

The Second Start policy allows an undergraduate student who is currently on academic probation or academically dismissed from Wright State and has attempted no more than 48 hours to enroll in an articulated joint-enrollment program with a community-college partner institution.  Students who complete the requirements are eligible for readmission to Wright State after one year with recalculation of their cumulative grade point average (GPA) and credit hours.

Semester System

The semester system divides the academic year into three main enrollment periods (Fall, Spring, and Summer) of about 14 weeks of instruction each. WSU began operating on the semester system in Fall 2012.

Student Classification (undergraduate)

Students are classified by the total number of credit hours they have earned at Wright State University plus any transfer credits that have been accepted by the university. Students with 1.0 – 29.9 semester hours are classified as freshman; students with 30 – 59.9 semester hours are classified as sophomore; students with 60.0 – 89.9 semester hours are classified as junior; and students with 90.0 or more semester hours are classified as senior.


That package of papers teachers and professors hand out to students on the first day of class that explains course expectations, weekly schedule, grading policies, and a basic summary of class topics.

Technical Elective

Technical electives are upper level courses in a technical area relevant to but not required by the degree program that can be applied towards the completion of the necessary major course requirements.

Transfer Assurance Guides (TAGs)

Pre-major/beginning major courses in a specific subject area at Ohio public colleges and universities.  Approved TAG courses and their associated credit hours are guaranteed to transfer and apply toward the specific major at any of Ohio’s public colleges and universities.

Transfer Credit

Credit earned at another institution for courses that have been accepted by Wright State University as equivalent to WSU courses. Transfer credit may be used to fill program and graduation requirements at WSU.

University System of Ohio (USO)

The public institutions of higher education in Ohio, which include 14 universities and 23 community colleges. The purpose of the USO is to provide high-quality, affordable education to meet Ohioans’ varied needs. The USO is governed by the Ohio Board of Regents.

Wright State Core

The Wright State Core is an integrated program of courses and experiences that provides students with the breadth of skills, knowledge and understanding expected of university graduates. The Wright State Core helps students develop the knowledge and skills essential for critical thinking, creative problem solving, meaningful civic engagement, multicultural competence, appreciation for the arts, and life-long learning.