Wright State University
2004-2006 Graduate Catalog
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Education and Human Services—Career and Technical Education Endorsements


The endorsement programs reflect the philosophy of continuous quality education in a changing world in its response to current and emerging strategies in education reform as applied in workforce education. The program adopts the mission statement prepared by the Ohio Department of Education, Division of Career-Technical Vocational and Adult Education, and is crafted to provide quality programs and services to meet the lifelong career and training needs of a diverse range of citizens and the ever-changing needs of the present and future workplace.

The endorsement of a teacher license, valid for teaching the subject or learners named, shall be issued to an individual who holds a baccalaureate degree; who is deemed to be of good moral character; and who has been recommended by the dean or head of teacher education at an approved institution. The endorsement shall be limited to the age and grade levels listed on the license.


In addition to meeting requirements for admission established by the School of Graduate Studies (these requirements can be reviewed at this Web site http://www.wright.edu/academics/catalog/grad/admissions/), candidates for these degrees who do not meet the minimum cumulative GPA requirement to waive the GRE or MAT, must submit satisfactory Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or Miller Analogies Test (MAT) scores, unless otherwise noted (see Admission Standards).

All students considering graduate-level courses in education and human services should do so with the understanding that graduate study differs in quality from undergraduate study. Graduate study requires that students be increasingly self-directed. Students are not guaranteed a master’s degree by attending and completing courses. Exit requirements must be met in all programs.

Admission to the College of Education and Human Services is based on the candidate’s written statement of purpose, consideration of undergraduate and/or graduate cumulative grade point average, submission of satisfactory scores on either the MAT, GRE, or other required examination, and in some cases, letters of reference and a personal interview (see Admission Standards).

Technology Policy
For admission to the college, all College of Education and Human Services students, graduate and undergraduate, part-time and full-time, will be expected to certify that they own or have access to a computer and the Internet.

In order to meet the mission of the college “…to prepare professionals to meet the educational and human services needs of a diverse, democratic society,” it is necessary for our students to play an active role in the technological environment the college and Wright State University are creating to assist in the completion of this mission. An increasing number of classes and options will become available to students using a variety of distributed learning formats; library resources are available in a growing number of full-text formats, and global connections via telecommunications will be part of daily operations. Students preparing to become professionals in education and human service areas must demonstrate appropriate and effective skills and knowledge in technological aspects of their work.

Currently, minimum equipment requirements recommended by Wright State University’s Computing and Telecommunications Services (CaTS) are Macintosh: G4 800mHz or greater, RAM: 512 mb, or Windows PC: 1gHz or greater; MacOS X 10.4 or Windows XP. Please check the following Web Site http://www.wright.edu/cats/purchase/pcguidelines.html for current information about minimum equipment requirements.

The college supports Macintosh computers in faculty and staff offices and maintains a computer lab. Wright State University has purchased a site license for most Microsoft software (see the Web page for Wright State’s Computing and Telecommunications Services, http://www.wright.edu/cats/ for details).

Admission Standards
Admission into regular status requires an overall undergraduate grade point average of 2.7 (based on a 4.0 grading system) or an overall undergraduate grade point average of 2.5, but with a 3.0 or better for the last 90 quarter hours (60 semester hours) earned toward the undergraduate degree. Admission into this status also requires approval by a degree program.

Candidates with a grade point average of less than 2.3 on a 4.0 grading system are not ordinarily admitted to graduate school. A petition process is available to formally request admissions not having met an admission standard.

Waiver of GRE/MAT
Candidates to Educational Leadership master’s degree programs, may not be required to submit passing GRE or MAT scores if their cumulative undergraduate GPA is a 3.0 or higher (graduate level GPA must be 3.0 or higher.)

Under certain conditions, a student may be admitted provisionally (for one quarter only), pending receipt of credentials. If admission requirements are not met during the quarter in which a student was admitted provisionally, registration for future quarters will be denied and the student will lose graduate credit for any graduate courses completed during the quarter.

Students who have an undergraduate grade point average of 2.5 or better, or who have an average between 2.3 and 2.5 with 2.7 or better in the last half of undergraduate work, may be granted conditional admission.

Regular admission to the College of Education and Human Services is granted after successful completion of 12 hours of course work with a grade of B or better in each course.

Licensure Candidate
Students who wish to complete licensure requirements at the graduate level but do not wish to pursue a graduate degree may be admitted as licensure candidates with the permission of the department in which the programs are housed.

Nondegree Status
Persons who have a bachelor’s degree may enroll in nondegree status for graduate courses without being admitted to a graduate program. If you wish to enroll in a degree program, only 50 percent of such credits may be applied to a degree program if they are appropriate.


Gregory R. Bernhardt (dean), education, counselor education

Associate Professors
June A. Ovington (chair), educational leadership
D. Drew Pringle, health and physical education
Linda Ramey, teacher education
Patricia Renick, special education
James Tomlin, science education/biology
Carol Wagner Williams, rehabilitation counseling
Richard Wantz, counselor education

Assistant Professors
Stephanie Davis, Educational leadership/workforce education

Course of Study

Workforce Education Endorsement: OWE/OWA The OWE/OWA endorsement program will offer instruction on workforce education for at-risk students, including curriculum, special methods, and the development of curriculum materials suitable to such programs. Additional focus will be placed on information about at-risk learners in terms of development, learning capabilities, learning needs, and planning and implementing a marketing effort for at-risk programs. Various methods of determining individual training needs and planning instruction for at-risk students will be discussed, along with instructional techniques effective with at-risk students to help the instructor manage the instructional process while evaluating the at-risk studentsí progress in meeting specified coordinating cooperative education.
Required Course Work:

VOE 613 Organization and Operation of a Cooperative Education Program for At-Risk Students 3
VOE 614 Teaching in a Cooperative Education Program I 3
VOE 615 Teaching in a Cooperative Education Program II 3
VOE 616 Teaching in a Cooperative Education Program III 3
VOE 642 Science Content in the OWA/OWE Classroom 3
VOE 643 English/Language Arts Content in the OWA/OWE Classroom 3
VOE 644 Mathematics Content in the OWA/OWE Classroom 3
VOE 645 Social Studies Content in the OWA/OWE Classroom 3
VOE 646 English/Literature Arts Methods in the OWA/OWE Classroom 3
VOE 647 Mathematics Methods in the OWA/OWE Classroom 3
VOE 648 Social Studies Methods in the OWA/OWE Classroom 3
VOE 649 Science Methods in the OWA/OWE Classroom 3
VOE 664 Methods and Strategies for At-Risk Students 3
Total 39

Transition to Work Endorsement Transition to Work Endorsement may be earned or added to either an intervention specialist or career technical license. The endorsement training has adopted the transition standards from the Council of Exceptional Children (CEC) as the model curriculum for transition specialists in Ohio. The training is interdisciplinary, with involvement of the departments of educational leadership and human services. Contact (937) 775-3270, College of Education and Human Services, to obtain an application to have your transcripts evaluated for participation in the endorsement training. Specific questions about the endorsement process can also be answered by calling this number.
Required Course Work:

EDS 645 Career and Occupational Training for Students Needing Educational Intervention 3
EDS 655 Nature and Needs of Students with Mild to Moderate Educational Needs 5
EDS 659 Communication and Consultation Skills for Educators 4
Total: 17

Graduate School
E344 Student Union
Voice: (937) 775-2976
Fax: (937) 775-2453
E-mail: wsugrad@wright.edu
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