Each column in your gradebook represents a Grade Item. Every graded assignment, quiz, etc. has to have its own, individual, Grade Item assigned to it. Grade Items can be grouped under Grade Categories, particularly if you are using a weighted grading system, or they can stand alone, without categories, if you are using a points grading system.
To create a Grade Item:
Inside your course, open the Manage Grades view. Click on New and select Item from the dropdown menu.
Select the Grade Item Type (usually Numeric).
Name the new Grade Item and, if you have created categories in your Gradebook, select the appropriate category.
Enter the total point value of the assignment. If it is possible for the student to earn more than the point value (i.e. it is possible to receive a score of 11/10), check the Can Exceed box.
If the entire value of the Grade Item is to be considered as bonus points, also check the Bonus box. Note: this will only add to the points earned, not the total possible points, in the final grade calculation.
If this grade item is for bookkeeping purposes only and should not be included in the calculation of the final grade, you can check “Exclude from Final Grade Calculation“. Note that, if you check this box, the point value of this item will not be included in any of the grade calculations.
The Default Grade Scheme should be Percentage.
You can attach a grading rubric to the Grade Item. You have the option of selecting an existing rubric or creating a new one.
You can set Display Options for the students’ Gradebook view, and for the view that is seen by those with Faculty and TA status (Managing View).
Under the Restrictions tab, you can set a specific date range for a Grade Item to be visible, or you can hide the Item from view. Hiding the Item is an option if you want to grade all student submissions before anyone sees their grade. To unhide the Item, return to the Restrictions tab and select “Grade item is always visible“.
Remember to Save your changes.