Emergency Procedures

Emergency Numbers

EHS Main Office:  937-775-2215

Wright State Police: 937-775-2111

Report all spills and leaks immediately.

Visit the Emergency Management website to view the Emergency Action Plan for Dayton Campus and Lake Campus.

Chemical Spills

Prepare/Train/Spill Kits

Prepare/Train/Spill Kits

All laboratories should have the following supplies:

  • A written laboratory specific emergency plan.
  • Documented training in spill response for all laboratory personnel.
  • Spill Kit with items to clean and/or contain a chemical spill. At a minimum, the spill kit should contain:

Spill Control Kit

Every laboratory that uses chemicals must have access to a spill control kit. The keys to an effective spill kit are location and content. Spill kits should be strategically located around work areas in fixed locations so they are easily accessible. Although most spill kit contents are common items that may be found throughout the lab, they must be consolidated into a kit for quick access in the event of an emergency.

Spill kits can be purchased through most supply vendors that sell chemicals or safety supplies. The following is a list of recommended items to be contained in a chemical spill kit; however, it is important that spill kits be tailored to meet the specific spill control needs of each laboratory. Spill kits must be checked periodically, and restored after each use.

Each spill kit should have at least enough material to handle a 1 Liter spill of liquid or 1 kg of dry chemical. Labs with floor drains should stock spill socks, pillows, pads or enough bulk absorbant to contain the spilled material away from the drain.

Safety Data Sheets (SDS) procedures for the spilled chemical take precedence over these procedures in the event they differ.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) (should be in a sealed container):
  • goggles and face shield
  • heavy neoprene or nitrile gloves
  • disposable lab coat and corrosives apron
  • plastic vinyl booties
  • respirator (All lab personnel must be properly fit tested before using a respirator.)
Absorbents:
  • spill socks, pillows or pads in sufficient quantity to contain a spill and keep it away from any floor drains.
  • universal spill absorbent - 1:1:1 mixture of Flor-Dri (or unscented kitty litter), sodium bicarbonate, and sand. This all purpose absorbent is good for most chemical spill including solvents, acids (not good for hydrofluoric acid), and bases.
  • acid spill neutralizer - sodium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate, or calcium carbonate.
  • alkali (base) spill neutralizer - sodium bisulfate.
  • solvents/organic liquid absorbent - inert absorbents such as vermiculite, clay, sand, Flor-Dri, and Oil-Dri.
  • bromine neutralizer - 5% solution of sodium thiosulfate and inert absorbent.
  • hydrofluoric acid (HF) - HF compatible spill pillow or neutralize with lime and transfer to a polyethylene container.
Clean-Up Material:
  • broom, plastic dust pan and scoop
  • plastic bags (30 Gallon, 3 mil thickness) for contaminated PPE
  • one plastic bucket (5 gallon polyethylene) with lid for spill and absorbent residues
  • hazmat bags (chemical, biological, and/or radiological (as appropriate)
Other:
  • hydrofluoric acid antidote gel - calcium gluconate (if hydrofluoric acid is used in the lab)
  • mercury spill kit - aspirator bulb and mercury decontaminating powder
  • alkali metals - dry sand or a Class “D” fire extinguisher
  • acid chlorides - Oil Dri, Zorb-All, or dry sand
  • pH paper
  • tongs

Reportable Quantity

Reportable Quantities:

Contacts

Chemical Hygiene Officer
Marjorie Markopoulos:  (937)775-2797

Environmental Compliance Officer
Bill Palmer:  (937)775-3788

At any time a hazardous substance as defined under the Comprehenisve Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or more commonly known as Superfund) is released to the environment, and that release exceeds its reportable quantity (RQ) within a 24-hour period, then the release must be reported to the Environmental Protection Agency's National Response Center.  

The Reportable Quantity (RQ) of a spilled hazardous material is one (1) pound for many chemicals. The university is legally required to report certain spills to the Environmental Protection Agency within twenty-four (24) hours of the spill. In order for the university to comply with this requirement, you must immediately report any spill of hazardous material over one (1) pound to EHS at 937-775-2215. There can be legal consequences for a person who spills a Reportable Quantity of hazardous material and fails to report it.

Call 911 if the spill is:

  • Greater than 1 gallon
  • Very toxic material
  • Poses a fire hazard
  • If you need assistance with cleanup

Lists:

U.S. EPA Lists of Lists (http://www.epa.gov/oem/docs/chem/title3_Oct_2006.pdf): Consolidated List of Chemicals Subject to the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act (EPCRA) and Section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act.  The list includes:

  • EPCRA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
  • CERCLA Hazardous Substances
  • EPCRA Section 303 Toxic Chemicals
  • CAA 112(r) Regulated Chemicals for Accidental Release Prevention

Oak Ridge National Laboratory RQ Calculator:  http://homer.ornl.gov/rq/find.cfm

Major Chemical Spill

Major Chemical Spill

In the event of a spill which:

  • involves the release of a type or quantity of a chemical that poses an immediate risk to health, or
  • involves an uncontrolled fire or explosion or
  • involves a highly dangerous chemical or
  • involves unknown or highly reactive chemical(s) or
  • involves a large quantity of chemical (generally over 4 liter of liquid or 2.5 kg of solid material)

Emergency!

  1. Immediately activate the nearest fire alarm and evacuate the building.
  2. Call Police Dispatch at 937-775-2111 or 911
Provide details of the accident including:
  • location
  • class of hazardous materials involved
  • size of spill
  • description of any personal injury
  • control measures already taken
  • your name and phone number
  • how you can be identified when emergency personnel arrive at the scene

If the accident involves personal injury or chemical contamination, follow the above steps as appropriate, and at the same time:

  1. Move the victim from the immediate area of fire, explosion, or spill (if this can be done without further injury to the victim or you).
  2. Locate nearest emergency eyewash or safety shower.
  3. Remove any contaminated clothing from the victim and flush all areas of the body contacted by chemicals with copious amounts of water for 15 minutes.
  4. Administer first aid as appropriate and seek medical attention.

Minor Chemical Spill

Minor Chemical Spill

Contacts

Chemical Hygiene Officer
Marjorie Markopoulos:  (937)775-2797

Environmental Health and Safety Specialist
Greg Merkle:  (937)775-2217

In the event of a spill involving the release of a chemical that does not pose an immediate risk to health and does not involve chemical contamination to the body:

  • Notify lab personnel and neighbors of the accident.
  • Isolate the area, closing doors and evacuating the immediate area if necessary.
  • Remove ignition sources and unplug nearby electrical equipment.
  • Establish exhaust ventilation, if possible, by turning on fume hoods.
  • Locate the spill kit.
  • Choose appropriate personal protective equipment (goggles, face shield, impervious gloves, lab coat, apron, etc.).

Note: All lab personnel must be properly fit tested before using a respirator. Contact EHS (937-775-2215) for more information.

  1. Confine and contain spill by covering or surrounding it with appropriate absorbent material.
  2. Neutralize acid and base spills prior to cleanup.
  3. Sweep solid material into a plastic dust pan and place in a sealed 5 gallon container.
  4. Wet mop spill area. Be sure to decontaminate broom, dustpan, etc.
  5. Put all contaminated items (gloves, clothing, etc.) into a sealed 5 gallon container or plastic bag.
  6. Request an EHS Hazardous Waste Pickup.

Spills Requiring Special Procedures

Contacts

Chemical Hygiene Officer
Marjorie Markopoulos:  (937)775-2797

Environmental Health and Safety Specialist
Greg Merkle:  (937)775-2217

Acid Chlorides

Use Oil-Dri, Zorb-All, or dry sand.
Avoid water and avoid sodium bicarbonate.

Alkali Metals (lithium, sodium, magnesium, potassium)

Cover with contents from a Class “D” fire extinguisher.
Avoid contact with water.

White or Yellow Phosphorus

Blanket with wet sand or wet absorbent.

Bromine

Neutralize spill with a 5% solution of sodium thiosulfate.
Absorb with inert absorbent material.

Hydrofluoric Acid

Neutralize with soda ash or lime (or absorb with special HF spill pillow).
Absorb with inert absorbent material.

Mercury

Use aspirator bulb or suction device to collect mercury beads (Do not use a vacuum cleaner).
Mop up mercury with mercury decontaminating powder.

Call EHS (937-775-2215) and ask for assistance if you are unable to accomplish adequate clean up.
Label waste with a Hazardous Chemical Waste Tag and request an EHS Hazardous Waste Pickup.

Hydrofluoric Acid

Hydrofluoric Acid

Emergency!

All exposures to Hydrofluoric Acid (HF) require medical attention.

Skin Contact:

  • Immediately flush with copious amounts of water under an emergency shower.
  • Remove all clothing while under the shower.
  • Flush skin for 5 minutes.
  • Apply calcium gluconate gel (2.5%) while wearing clean impervious gloves. (If calcium gluconate gel is not available continue to flush skin until medical personnel arrive).
  • Get medical attention immediately.

Eye Contact:

  • Immediately flush eyes with water under an eyewash for 15 minutes.
  • Get medical attention immediately.

Inhalation:

  • Remove victim to fresh air.
  • Get medical attention immediately.
  • Inform medical personnel that injury involves hydrofluoric acid and give them a copy of the material safety data sheet.

Radiological Spills

Under construction.

Contact Kimberly Morris at 937-775-2169

Biological Spills

Biological Spills

Prepare/Train/Spill Kits

Contacts

Biological Safety Officer
Marjorie Markopoulos:  (937)775-2797

Environmental Health and Safety Specialist
Greg Merkle:  (937)775-2217

Prepare/Train/Spill Kits

All laboratories should have the following supplies:

  • A written laboratory specific emergency plan.
  • Documented training in spill response for all laboratory personnel.
  • A Spill Kit with items to clean and/or contain a biological spill. At a minimum, the spill kit should contain:
    • gloves (appropriately sized and within expiration date)
    • eye protection
    • lab coat (clothing protection)
    • paper towels or other appropriate absorbent
    • fresh 10% bleach and water solution or other approved sterilization product
    • red biohazard bags
    • sharps container(s)
  • Broken glass receptacle(s)should also be available.

Spill Outside a Biosafety Cabinet (BSC)

Spill Outside a Biosafety Cabinet (BSC)

Contacts

Biological Safety Officer
Marjorie Markopoulos:  (937)775-2797

Environmental Health and Safety Specialist
Greg Merkle:  (937)775-2217

In the event of a biohazardous spill outside a biosafety cabinet (BSC):

  1. Notify laboratory personnel in the area and restrict access to the spill area to prevent the remainder of the laboratory from becoming contaminated.
  2. Get the Spill Kit and put on the appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE): lab coat, eye protection, and gloves.
  3. Place a paper towel or some other absorbent paper product over the spill.
  4. Spray the paper towel or other absorbent with a fresh 10% bleach and water solution or equivalent.
  5. Allow the absorbent material and sterilization compound to set on spill for five to fifteen minutes, depending on the size of the spill.
  6. During the five to fifteen minute sterilization period, prepare the red biohazard bag by opening the bag and folding it down from the top so that a wide opening is created and contamination of the outside bag surfaces during filling is prevented.
  7. When the five to fifteen minute sterilization time is up, put the soaked towels or absorbent material in the biohazard bag, then wipe up any remaining spill residue with clean paper towels and place them in the biohazard bag.
  8. Clean the spill area again with the fresh 10% bleach and water solution or equivalent, placing the paper towels in the biohazard bag when finished.
  9. Remove gloves, taking care not to touch the outside surfaces of the gloves with your bare hands, then place them in the biohazard bag.
  10. Wash hands, thoroughly.
  11. Close and seal the biohazard bag and arrange for EHS to pick it up and dispose of it.

Spill Inside a Biosafety Cabinet (BSC)

Contacts

Biological Safety Officer
Marjorie Markopoulos:  (937)775-2797

Environmental Health and Safety Specialist
Greg Merkle:  (937)775-2217

  1. Secure the area and notify the area supervisor.  Limit access to authorized trained personnel.
  2. Promptly remove any contaminated garments
  3. Allow BSC to run during cleanup.
  4. Wait at least twenty (20) minutes to allow the BSC to contain aerosols.
  5. Wear knee-length, fully-buttoned laboratory coat, ANSI-approved safety glasses and disposable gloves during cleanup.
  6. Apply disinfectant (e.g., 10% bleach) concentrically beginning at the outer margin of the spill area, working toward the center.
  7. Allow a minimum of 20 minutes contact time.
  8. Wipe up spillage with disposable disinfectant-soaked paper towels. Do not place your head in the cabinet to clean the spill; keep your face behind the viewscreen.
  9. If broken glass or other sharps objects are involved, use a dustpan, forceps, or a piece of cardboard to collect the material and deposit it into a puncture-resistant container for disposal.
  10. Wipe the walls, work surfaces, and any equipment in the cabinet with disinfectant-soaked paper towels.
  11. Discard contaminated disposable materials using appropriate biohazardous waste disposal procedures.
  12. Place contaminated reusable items in biohazard bags or autoclavable pans with lids before autoclaving.
  13. Expose non-autoclavable materials to disinfectant (20 minutes contact time) before removal from the BSC.
  14. Remove protective clothing used during cleanup and place in a biohazard bag for removal
  15. Run BSC 20 minutes after cleanup before resuming work or turning BSC off.
  16. If the spill overflows the drain pan/catch basin under the work surface into the interior of the BSC (Avoid generating aerosols):
  17. Close the drain valve.
  18. Flood the drain pan with disinfectant.
  19. Empty the drain pan into a container with disinfectant
  20. Notify EHS. A more extensive decontamination of the BSC may be required.
  21. Report incident to lab supervisor.
  22. Contact EHS to report spill
  23. Complete Incident Form.