Bloodborne Pathogens Safety



If you are stuck by a needle or other sharp or get blood or other potentially infectious materials in your eyes, nose, mouth, or on broken skin, immediately flood the exposed area with water and clean any wound with soap and water or a skin disinfectant if available. Report this immediately to your supervisor and seek immediate medical attention.

What are Bloodborne Pathogens?

Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Needlesticks and other sharps-related injuries may expose workers to bloodborne pathogens. 

Who needs this information?

All employees who may have occupational exposure to human blood, body fluids, or unfixed tissue; human cells or cell lines; or HIV or Hepatitis B Virus are required to comply with the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogen (BBP) Standard.

Exposure Control Plan

In order to reduce or eliminate the hazards of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens, Wright State has an Exposure Control Plan to eliminate or minimize occupational exposures.  The plan includes:

  • exposure control;
  • methods of control;
    • use of universal precautions;
    • use of engineering controls;
    • use of work practice controls;
  • use and provision of personal protective equipment (PPE);
  • housekeeping;
  • regulated waste (infectious waste);
  • laundry;
  • availability of hepatitis B vaccinations to workers with occupational exposure;
  • availability of post-exposure evaluations and follow-up to an exposure incident;
  • use of labels and signs to communication hazards;
  • information and training to workers; and
  • maintenance of worker medical and training records.
  • also describes how Wright State uses a combination of engineering and work practice controls, ensures the use of personal protective clothing and equipment, provides training , medical surveillance, hepatitis B vaccinations, and signs and labels, among other provisions.

Compliance with this program is mandatory.


Emergency Needlestick Information

If you experienced a needlestick or sharps injury or were exposed to the blood or other body fluid of a patient during the course of your work, immediately follow these steps:

  1. Wash needlesticks and cuts with soap and water
  2. Flush splashes to the nose, mouth, or skin with water
  3. Irrigate eyes with clean water, saline, or sterile irrigants
  4. Report the incident to your supervisor
  5. Immediately seek medical treatment



Postexposure Prophylaxis


Training is required for employees with occupational exposure to human blood or other potentially infectious materials.

List of Employee Classifications (PDF)

Training shall be provided:

  • At the time of initial assignment to tasks where occupational exposure may take place;
  • At least annually thereafter;
  • Annual training shall be provided within one year of their previous training;
  • Additional training shall be provided when changes such as modification of tasks or procedures or institution of new tasks or procedures that affect the employee's occupational exposure.

For questions contact Marjorie Markopoulos at (937) 775-2797 or Denise Kramer at (937) 775-2623.