Under the Ohio Law it is illegal for employers, labor unions or employment agencies to discriminate against persons because of their race, color, religion, sex, national origin, handicap, age or ancestry. The Law contains a number of specific provisions designed to assist in preventing such discrimination in employment or union membership. One of these provisions forbids eliciting information from applicants, prior to employment, which would indicate the applicant's race, color, religion, sex, national origin, handicap, age or ancestry unless the employer is required or permitted to elicit such information pursuant to a bona fide Affirmative Action Program or under order from a state, federal or local FEP agency.
Because the Law may make necessary some changes in the content of application forms as well as questions sometimes asked of applicants, this guide is provided to assist all concerned in understanding and applying the Law.
It should be understood clearly that this pamphlet is not a complete definition of what can and cannot be asked of applicants. It attempts to answer the questions most frequently asked concerning the Law. The Law is not intended to prohibit employers from obtaining all the information about applicants that is clearly job related and which cannot be used for discriminatory purposes.
The Law does not restrict employers from defining qualifications necessary for satisfactory job performance, but it does require that standards of qualifications for hiring be applied alike to all persons regardless of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, handicap, age or ancestry.
The provisions of the Law make necessary the regulation of employment practices. The Commission recognizes that mere routine adherence will not accomplish the results intended by the Legislature. Employment discrimination can be eliminated only if regulations are followed in the spirit as well as the letter in which the Law was conceived.
Further information concerning the Ohio Law, or additional interpretation may be obtained by contacting the offices of the Ohio Civil Rights Commission.